Reforms to the United States Munitions List (USML) Helps Exports

According to an article from the National Defense Magazine, the US government has agreed to try and remove some of the non-sensitive technologies originally placed on the United States Munitions List, or USML. These reforms have been sought after by weapons producers since the end of the cold war, and will now make it easier to ship some of the thousands of components and spare parts that the USML had strict regulations against.

The changes to the USML also bring about good news for exporters, like Elymat, Inc., who now have the ability to tap into the rising export market, which saw a $10 billion increase in fiscal year 2011 in items authorized for transfer.

What is the USML?

The United States Munitions List, or USML, is a comprehensive list of military weapons and hardware, defense related technologies and software, and components and spare parts that are used to build weapons. The US government regulates the USML to protect its national security, ensuring that certain technologies are not sold to potentially threatening countries. The US Department of State governs and oversees the exports of items placed on the USML and has a strict policy that requires licensing, certification, and other documentation whenever items are being exported.

What’s on the USML?

There are twenty different classes of items that you can find on the USML. They are broken down by category, use, technology, and other factors that allow the US Department of State to monitor them closely.

Some of the categories on the USML are:

Category I – Firearms: non-automatic weapons, semi-automatic weapons, fully-automatic weapons, rifle scopes, silencers, flash suppressors.

Category II – Artillery Projectors: shells that are larger than .50 caliber, mortars, howitzers, recoil-less rifles, flamethrowers.

Category III – Ammunition: powder bags, bullets, cores, shells, projectiles, boosters, fuses, primers, detonators, casings.

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